Sunday, July 12, 2009

Cerebral Palsy

What is Cerebral Palsy?

The term cerebral palsy refers to any one of a number of neurological disorders that appear in infancy or early childhood and permanently affect body movement and muscle coordination but don’t worsen over time. Even though cerebral palsy affects muscle movement, it isn’t caused by problems in the muscles or nerves. It is caused by abnormalities in parts of the brain that control muscle movements. The majority of children with cerebral palsy are born with it, although it may not be detected until months or years later. The early signs of cerebral palsy usually appear before a child reaches 3 years of age. The most common are a lack of muscle coordination when performing voluntary movements (ataxia); stiff or tight muscles and exaggerated reflexes (spasticity); walking with one foot or leg dragging; walking on the toes, a crouched gait, or a “scissored” gait; and muscle tone that is either too stiff or too floppy. A small number of children have cerebral palsy as the result of brain damage in the first few months or years of life, brain infections such as bacterial meningitis or viral encephalitis, or head injury from a motor vehicle accident, a fall, or child abuse.

Is there any treatment?

Cerebral palsy can’t be cured, but treatment will often improve a child's capabilities. Many children go on to enjoy near-normal adult lives if their disabilities are properly managed. In general, the earlier treatment begins the better chance children have of overcoming developmental disabilities or learning new ways to accomplish the tasks that challenge them. Treatment may include physical and occupational therapy, speech therapy, drugs to control seizures, relax muscle spasms, and alleviate pain; surgery to correct anatomical abnormalities or release tight muscles; braces and other orthotic devices; wheelchairs and rolling walkers; and communication aids such as computers with attached voice synthesizers.

What is the prognosis?

Cerebral palsy doesn’t always cause profound disabilities. While one child with severe cerebral palsy might be unable to walk and need extensive, lifelong care, another with mild cerebral palsy might be only slightly awkward and require no special assistance. Supportive treatments, medications, and surgery can help many individuals improve their motor skills and ability to communicate with the world.

What research is being done?

Researchers are investigating the roles of mishaps early in brain development, including genetic defects, which are sometimes responsible for the brain malformations and abnormalities that result in cerebral palsy. Scientists are also looking at traumatic events in newborn babies’ brains, such as bleeding, epileptic seizures, and breathing and circulation problems, which can cause the abnormal release of chemicals that trigger the kind of damage that causes cerebral palsy. To make sure children are getting the right kinds of therapies, studies are also being done that evaluate both experimental treatments and treatments already in use so that physicians and parents have valid information to help them choose the best therapy.

aku copy paste dari website. untuk kita semua berkongsi...inilah yg anak aku alami...doakan semoga aiman boleh berdikari suatu hari nanti..amin.

Thursday, July 9, 2009

desa tercinta

pemandangan sawah padi yg menghijau kat umah mak cik aku.....tenang sangat..masa kecik kat sini la tempat aku belajar berenang, tangkap ikan, memancing, dan macam macam lagi la.

di belakang umah mak cik aku....umah kampung....biasa la..

parit bendang namanya ni.....huhuuh....

habis dinding ngan bumbung umah aku..

minggu lepas 4-7-2009 aku balik kampung sebab umah lama aku nak di robohkan, gambar kat atas tu masa umah aku kena ribut sebukan sebelum tu...mak aku yg pakai tudung biru, baju merah tu adik aku.area kampung aku memang ada musim musimnya angin kuat...maklumla..kawasan agak terbuka , pokok tak angin agak kuat la..aku balik kampung minggu lepas sebab nak memantau kerja kerja re build balik umah tu..tapi dah lari dari bentuk asal...sedih jugak..sebab umah asal hasil kerja tangan arwah ayah aku....teringat aku pada arwah ayah....